Glossary

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Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries

The spinal cord is an intricate network of nerve fibers that receive signals from various parts throughout the body. There are 31 pairs within this system, and each one carries an important message to your brain or controls certain functions.  The spinal cord runs inside the vertebral column, and vertebral column protects the entire spinal …

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spinal cord injury, wheelchair, paralyzed, injury

Spinal Cord Injuries  

Spinal cord injuries are among the most severe and life-changing injuries a person can experience, and they can happen to anyone at any time.   According to the World Health Organization, between 250,000 – 500,000 people suffer from a spinal cord injury worldwide each year.   Most spinal cord injuries are caused by road traffic crashes, falls …

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Glossary of TBI Terms

Acquired Brain Injury: A type of brain injury sustained through an event that occurs sometime after birth. Activities of Daily Living (ADL): The routine, everyday self-care activities of personal hygiene such as bathing and dressing, as well as such activities as feeding and walking. Acute Care: Specialized hospital care for patients requiring specific types of …

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The Parietal Lobe 

The parietal lobe is vital for sensory perception and integration, including the management of taste, hearing, sight, touch, and smell. It is located behind the frontal lobes, just above the temporal lobe. The front half of our parietal lobe receives information from our body’s senses such as pain, temperature, touch, taste, pressure and serve functional purposes. For example, feeling …

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photophobia, sensitivity to light, light sensitivity

Photophobia 

Photophobia is a symptom of an underlying condition or disease that causes an individual to become extremely sensitive to light. It has been reported by patients who have being diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), meningitis, a tumor in the pituitary gland, and multiple other conditions. It is the second most common symptom, after headaches, that are reported by individuals who have experienced a traumatic brain injury or a post-concussion syndrome. The …

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Mindfulness 

Mindfulness means to mentally be in the “here and now,” focusing on the present moment without distracting yourself from thoughts of the future and past. As a result, practicing mindfulness allows you to take a step back and pay attention to your current thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It is easy to get carried away and …

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Types of Brain Injuries

There are two primary types of acquired brain injuries: traumatic brain injury (TBI) and non-traumatic brain injury. A TBI is a brain dysfunction that is caused by an external force, such as a violent blow, bump, or jolt to the head. A TBI can be classified as an open-head injury or a closed-head injury. An open-head, or penetrating, injury is when the scalp or skull is broken, …

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